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What Are The Factors That Decide Your Credit Score?

Jan 3, 2019 1:05 PM 3 min read

Credit score is a metric of performance which can be determined for a person, a company, or the government. It is essentially a number which captures your credit “worthiness” by analyzing your credit “history” and customer profile. It is the numeric expression that helps assess the financial standing of the customer - an important factor which determines the decision-making of any lender.


There are primarily five factors that determine your credit score. These are as below:


Payment History


Your payment history plays the most important role in the calculation of your credit score. It accounts for 35% of the total score. This factor is suggestive of your past long-term behavior.


In fact, all credit bureaus keep an eye on revolving loans – such as credit cards and installment loans such as mortgages, or any other form of a loan.


 Payment history is furter determined by:


  • The Frequency of on-time payments
  • The Recency of missed payments (if any)
  • Severity of late payments (if any)


This is why a borrower must make consistent and timely payments to improve his/her credit score.


Credit Utilization


Credit utilization is the percentage of available credit you have borrowed. It comprises 30% of your total score. All potential lenders keep track of customers if they habitually max out their credit card limit. They also check the customer's promixity to the available credit limit.


This helps the lenders assess the creditworthiness of the customer. A person who handles credit responsibly is more likely to maintain low credit balances. Credit utilization is maintained individually by card and across all credit cards.


The above two factors affect the calculation of the credit score the most. So, if you pay the bills on-time and maintain low credit utilization ratio, you are halfway across a good score.


What Are The Factors That Decide Your Credit Score?


Length of Credit History


The length of your credit accounts also decides your credit score. In fact, it comprises 15% of your total score. A long-term credit history offers a better picture of the financial behavior of a customer. It provides better information about the customer as to how the customer has been performing financially. Therefore, it is an important factor in deciding your credit score.


A person who is new-to-credit must begin using a credit card; and an existing customer must maintain long-standing accounts to improve your score.


New Credit


New credit comprises 10% of the total credit score. It is always advisable to avoid opening too many credit accounts. Which is why it is recommended to avoid applying for too many applications at the same time. New accounts lower the average credit age of an account resulting in a lower score.


Credit Mix 


This constitues 10% of the total credit score. Repaying a variety of debt can give the lenders an impression that the customer is able to handle all sorts of credit. Borrowers with a good credit mix of both, revolving credit and installment loan represent less risk for lenders.


Knowing the various factors that decide your score can give a customer a better idea of where to focus his/her attention.


ProTip: Check your free credit report online to see which factor you should focus more to improve your score.


Originally Published here.


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